From the Open science framework webpage:
The Open Science Framework (OSF) is part network of research materials, part version control system, and part collaboration software. The purpose of the software is to support the scientist’s workflow and help increase the alignment between scientific values and scientific practices.
The project offers cloud space for uploading of project outline, materials, workflow, individual contributions and their extent to a specific project. All of that with the option of having all data publicly or privately available. The idea is to allow a more transparent and innovative system where people can see what is being done in «real-time», contribute and even take up on ideas from other people so that the wheel doesn’t have to be reinvented, the system also allows for proper citation, so that the «wheel inventors» won’t go uncredited.
As an example of what can be done through the Open Science Framework, one can cite the Reproducibility Project which is a project that aims at checking the reproducibility of ~150 sample studies from cognitive and psychological sciences. Contributors are welcomed!